Speak For Love | Communicate For Confidence | Inspire For Growth


span style=”font-size: medium;”>Last time, the article I wrote focused on some basic Spanish stuff, such as the numbers, colours and the alphabet. I hope you studied them, because we will continue to use them in the lessons ahead.

Today, we will do something more fun 🙂 , we will start to learn words so that on the next article we start making up sentences. For this lesson I will divide this article in two parts:


I’ll give you a series of nouns with the pronoun in front so you know if the word is masculine or feminine. La is used for feminine words and El is used for masculine words, both are similar to The. When the nouns are plural usually they have an s in the end, and the article changes to Los (M) and Las (F).

La El

Las Los

Frutas – Fruits

La Manzana – The Apple

La Naranja – The Orange

La Sandia – The Watermelon

Carne – Meat

Las Chuletas – The Pork chops

Las Costillas – The Ribs

Las Salchichas – The Sausage

El Pescado – The Fish

Los Camarones – The Shrimp

Verduras – Vegetables

La Zanahoria – The Carrot

El Brócoli – The Brocoli

Las Espinacas – The Spinach

Las Patatas/Papas – The Potatoes


El Arroz – The Rice

La Ensalada – The Salad

Bebidas Drinks

El Zumo/Jugo – The Juice

El Agua – The Water

La Coca or Coca-Cola – The Coke

El Café – The Coffee

El Te – The Tea

La Cerveza – The Beer

Practise Translating English-Spanish1rightarrow

That’s right, now you will know the essential things to avoid going hungry or thirsty in a country where Spanish is spoken.

PART 2 Pronombres (pronouns)

Spanish Pronouns

Type of Pronouns


Examples in Spanish (English)


Replaces the subject of a sentence

Yo (I), (you), él (he), ella (she), nosotros (we), ellos (they), ellas (they)


Refers to something owned or possessed by someone. usually preceded by el/la/los/las

Mío (mine), mía (mine), míos (mine), mías (mine), tuyo/a (yours), suyo/a (his, hers, theirs), nuestro/a (ours), Vuestro/a (yours)


Used when the direct object and indirect object of a verb refer to the same person. Used more often in Spanish.

Me (myself), te (yourself), se (himself, herself, themselves), nos (ourselves), os (yourselves)


Used in questions

Qué (what), quién (what), cuándo (when), cuánto (when)


Replaces a noun while also pointing to it

Éste (this one), ésta (this one), ésa (that one), aquéllos (those ones), aquél (that one over there)

Indirect Object Pronoun

They’re words that replace the indirect object, which is usually a person.

Me (me), te(you), le (him, her, you (formal), nos (us), vos (you), les (them) Me da gusto ( it gives me pleasure). Te quiero (I love you)

For next article we will start making up real sentences. With the Pronouns you know how to call yourself, people and things and by adding the nouns, next stop is learning the verbs and how to fit them in the sentence structure.

Contributing Writer:
Mr Robert Padgett writes for AbroadLanguages.

Bi-monthly archived post. September 1, 2009